When referring to wrist pain it includes any discomfort that you may be feeling in your wrist. Wrist pain is often caused by carpal tunnel syndrome. Other common causes include wrist injury, arthritis, and gout.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
There are three major nerves in the forearm; the median nerve is one of these major three. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve becomes pinched or compressed. This particular nerve is located on the palm side of your hand, providing sensation to the following parts of the hand:
- Index finger
- Middle finger
- Part of the ring finger
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Carpal tunnel syndrome can occur in one or both of your hands. The median nerve also provides the electrical impulse to the muscle leading to the thumb.
Swelling in the wrist causes the compression in carpal tunnel syndrome. The pain is due to excess pressure in your wrist and on the median nerve. Carpal tunnel syndrome can also lead to numbness, weakness, and tingling on the side of your hand near the thumb.
The following conditions can trigger wrist swelling causing carpel tunnel syndrome.
- Performing repetitive tasks with your hands, such as typing, drawing, or sewing
- Having certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, arthritis, or an underactive thyroid
- Being overweight, pregnant, or going through menopause
An injury to your wrist can also cause pain. Sprains, broken bones, and tendonitis are all classified as wrist injuries. Wrist injury symptoms may include swelling, bruising, or disfigured joints near the wrist. Wrist injuries can either develop slowly over time or occur immediately post a trauma of an impact.
Gout is caused by a build-up of uric acid. Uric acid is a chemical produced when your body breaks down foods that contain organic compounds called purines.
Most uric acid in the body is dissolved in the blood and excreted through urination. However, in some cases the body produces too much uric acid, which can be deposited in the joints, resulting in pain and swelling. Pain from this subsequent swelling frequently occurs in the knees, ankles, wrists, and feet.
Common Causes of Gout Include:
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Certain medications, such as diuretics
- Other conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and kidney disease
When joints are inflamed, this is a condition known as arthritis. This condition cause painful swelling and stiffness in affected areas. Arthritis is caused by normal wear and tear, overworking of the hands and also aging.
The most common types of Arthritis include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis: This condition is classified as an autoimmune disease and usually affects both wrists. It develops when the immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of your joints, including your wrists. This can cause painful swelling, which may eventually result in bone erosion.
- Osteoarthritis: is a degenerative joint disease that is common among older adults. It is caused by a breakdown of the cartilage that covers the joints. The protective tissue is damaged by age and repeated motion. This increases the friction as the bones of the joint rub against each other, resulting in swelling and pain.
- Psoriatic arthritis: is a type of arthritis that occurs in people with a skin disorder called psoriasis.
Wrist pain of any kind may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Swollen fingers
- Warmth in a joint near the wrist
- Pain, numbness, or tingling that gets worse at night
- Difficulty making a fist or gripping objects
- Numbness or tingling sensation in the hands
- Sudden, sharp pain in the hand
- Swelling or redness around the wrist
If you are experiencing targeted pain or any of the above symptoms or conditions please contact us here http://www.mgorthopaedics.com.au/contact-us to find out how we can help you on your path to recovery.